Summer Reading List

Ramona Blue – Julie Murphy

Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close -Jonathan Safran Foer

The Rest of Us Just Live Here -Patrick Ness

The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hate and Other Clinical Tales -Oliver Sacks

Breakfast at Tiffany’s -Truman Capote

The Opposite of Loneliness: Essays and Stories -Marina Keegan

Slaughterhouse Five – Kurt Vonnegut

The Windup Girl -Pablo Bacigalupi

A Heartbreaking Work of Staggering Genius -Dave Eggers

Wintergirls -Laurie Halse Anderson

The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy -Douglas Adams

Flowers for Algernon -Daniel Keyes

Girl in Pieces -Kathleen Glasgow

Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea -April Genevieve Tucholke

Rags & Bones -anthologie (edited by Melissa Marr and Tim Pratt)

Tippi -Tippi Hedren

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Dear Jasmine- Final Reflection

Dear Jasmine,

This year has gone by so quickly! It seems like it was just last week when you were struggling under the mountains of pressure and assignments before midterms. Now there’s only a couple more days left in the entire school year!

Over the course of the English course, I think I’ve learned so much and my thinking has gotten so much deeper. Before I came to high school, I didn’t know how to properly an essay. I think Ms. Pucci definitely taught me how to structure an essay and helped so much with the writing. Then this year, I’ve definitely strengthened the fundamentals of my writing and improved so much from the beginning of my sophomore year.

I completely learned how to write a annotated bibliography, and also more about MLA format.  I learned how to write a strong introduction and conclusion, and how to organize my paragraphs. I also learned how to complete a more thorough and strong analysis of literature.

I also learned much more about on-demand writing. Before this year, I had never written a complete on-demand essay before and I really struggled since normally I take a very long time to write an essay. But with on-demand essays, I have to write with a different objective in mind and I am so proud that for my final I was able to finish everything on time instead of rushing until the very end.

Since I’m heading onto AP English next year, I’m so grateful for the lessons I received in this course. I think the improvements in my writing will definitely show next year and I definitely feel prepared for next year. I can also use the skills I learned about from writing my research paper in order to write my research paper in my senior year for m senior project. Also for college admissions and college essays, I will definitely take the experiences I learned from this class into my writing.

Even everyday, when I am reading a book or another kind of literature, I point out literary devices and themes while reading independently. I am able to think deeper everyday and I also focus on connections between books and everyday life.

Overall, I’ve grown so much in English and as a person as well. I think I am more comfortable with myself and I know much more about myself then I did in the beginning of the year. I know about my study habits and what I need to do to be successful. I may not know what will happen in the future next year but I know that I will turn out alright, Now let’s hope I can stop procrastinating for next year!

Best,

Jasmine

Conclusions- Final Exam

How Experiences Affect Behavior

Embarrassing moments are expected in life. From these cringe-worthy memories, lessons are learned. Likewise, people can also learn from other’s embarrassing mistakes. In novels, as well, there are many lessons embedded within the story through the plot and the character’s actions. In The Perks of Being a Wallflower, the protagonist, Charlie, is a freshman just starting high school. Charlie was very naive in the beginning of the novel, and as time progresses and he completes his freshman year in high school, his character and personality changes. The experiences people endure end up having a profound effect on the development of their character, as displayed in The Perks of Being a Wallflower.

Events which Charlie experienced when he was younger had the most profound impact on Charlie’s character. When Charlie was very young, a very important figure in his life, his Aunt Helen was in an accident and passed away. Later, Michael, a close friend of Charlie’s committed suicide which also affected Charlie deeply. From these tragedies, Charlie developed a deep rooted fear of abandonment. As Charlie grew up, he was very afraid of people in his life leaving him. In some instances, even if he did not enjoy the relationships he was in, he would still continue these relationships. For example, in the start of the novel, Charlie met two seniors, Sam and Patrick, who he became very close friends to. Sam and Patrick then introduced him to their friends, one of which being Mary Elizabeth. Charlie and Mary Elizabeth started dating, and Charlie discovered Mary Elizabeth was very different than how she appeared to be when he first met her. As their relationship continued, he eventually started to dislike her and did not want to be in a relationship anymore. Charlie found he ¨just [didn’t] want to be another thing Mary Elizabeth is in charge of” ( Chbosky 131), but he still remained with her. Since he was scared Mary Elizabeth would leave him if he was honest with his feelings, he kept his true thoughts to himself, which proved to be very detrimental later. Since people very close to him before had passed away, he did not want any more people to leave. Eventually, the truth was revealed while Charlie and his friends were playing a game. When dared to kiss the prettiest girl in the room, Charlie kissed Sam instead of Mary Elizabeth, and consequently, Charlie and Mary Elizabeth broke up. After this occurred, his friends distanced themselves from Charlie and advised him to stay away for a while. Charlie did not want to be alone, so “after a week of not talking to anyone, I finally called Bob” (Chbosky 139), who sold drugs to Charlie. Charlieś fear of being abandoned ended up happening for a little while and since Charlie did not want to be alone, he resorted to buying drugs and spending time with a drug dealer.

Along with a fear of abandonment, Charlie also was very passive and complacent in the beginning of his freshman year. In fact, when Patrick broke up with his boyfriend later in the book, Charlie believed the only way to comfort Patrick and help Patrick through his emotional distress was to just be there for him. Patrick would bring Charlie to places Charlie did not necessarily want to go, or even kissed Charlie. Charlie would just ¨let him. Because that’s what friends are for” (Chbosky 161) although Charlie was really just letting Patrick hurt himself. Instead of setting boundaries and helping Patrick heal by talking to him, Charlie would just listen without encouraging Patrick not to self destruct. After Charlie learned his behavior was problematic, Charlie began to change. Charlie and Sam had a discussion before she left for college where Sam told him “‘you can’t just sit there and put everybody’s lives ahead of yours and think that counts as love’” (Chbosky 200), and this impacted Charlie and his thinking. Charlie began thinking sometimes it is best to take some action and to try and be more proactive. Because of Sam and what she told him, Charlie changed and he became a better person.

Similarly, the different situations a person is in can change the behavior of the person. Charlie’s sister acted completely different throughout different times in the novel because of the experiences she was undergoing in her situation. In the beginning of the novel, Charlie’s sister would manipulate and treat boys harshly, since in her first relationship, her boyfriend cheated on her. Charlie’s sister then began dating a boy who was incredibly devoted to her, but his feelings were not reciprocated. Charlie witnessed her boyfriend finally taking action to stop Charlie’s sister’s bullying. After her boyfriend abused her, Charlie’s sister had become submissive to him and believed that her boyfriend was her ¨whole world¨ (Chbosky 25). First through her first experiences with the opposite gender, Charlie’s sister developed a very negative opinion of boys. These negative thoughts carried over in her treatment of the boyfriends she had after her first boyfriend. As she entered an abusive relationship, her behavior changed as she adapted to this new situation, she became docile and dependent on her new boyfriend. As the relationship progressed, she learned she was pregnant, and her boyfriend broke up with her and left her alone to find a solution to her problems. Once Charlie’s sister acquired the knowledge of which her boyfriend was not going to support her like she was expected, she discerned that her boyfriend was not someone she absolutely needed in her life. Charlie’s sister eventually had an abortion and “She told her ex-boyfriend that the pregnancy was a false alarm, and he wanted to get back together, and she said no” (Chbosky 130), showing how the experiences she had to endure alone made her stronger and more independent.

Overall, the environment a person is in and the events which they experience can be very influential in their development, although no person is just simply a product of their environment. People cannot be identified as good or completely evil, but the actions people take always have a reason behind them. These actions can sometimes be explained through the past experiences a person has. Perspective is key to understanding people’s behavior. As people gain knowledge, they mature and lose their innocence. The Perks of Being a Wallflower is simply an example of character development and how actions will have consequences. When evaluating a person’s character, it is important to also learn about their past experiences. Perspective can change someone’s whole outlook.

Creative Writing Poems

Creative writing poems were written about the book We Were Liars by E. Lockhart

Before
Johnny, Mirren, Gat, Cadence
How little they knew
Of the island they thought they ruled
How little they knew
Of the Liars who came before them
Penny, Carrie, Bess
We were Liars long before
Johnny, Mirren, Gat, Cadence
We passed the summers at the island with
Late night swims
Early morning adventures
Whispered secrets
Ignored warnings
Filled with the feeling of invincibility
We too thought we too strong to break
Thought we could make a change
Because we were Sinclairs
Athletic, tall, handsome
Corrupt, lost, alone

After
One by one
Each one of us grew up
Started worrying about bills and mortgages
About health insurance and inheritances
Married and divorced
1, 2, 3, 4 children
Inheritances
Spending spending spending
To keep up the image
Of the beautiful Sinclairs
Until finally,
Mother’s fine china became more important
Than
Our own happiness

Why Liars?
Why were we called Liars?
Because of the lies
Because of the lies people told about us
Sinclairs were strong
Resilient
But broken
We were liars because
Our perfect lives
Our perfect deception
Act normal now
Because you are
Because you can be
In the end
I found
The greatest lies were the ones we tell ourself
Johnny, Mirren, Gat
To me, they were real
Until one day
They were not

Independent Speech- Vine is Dead

Today I would like to honor Dom Hofmann, Rus Yusupov, and Colin Kroll. They aren’t dead, but their creation is. Dom Hofmann, Rus Yusupov, and Colin Kroll created Vine. Now, I’m sure all of you are familiar with Vine, but if not, Vine is a social media network where users would post 6 second long videos. A lot can happen in 6 seconds. When Vine first started, in 2012, it quickly became one of the fastest growing social media platforms on the market. The growth of Vine could have been considered exponential, with a study conducted in June 2013 finding that Vine grew from 77,000 users to 3.6 million users in 5 months. At the peak of its popularity, Vine had over 200 million users every month and a billion views per day. Out of Vine, many cinematic productions were born, some of which will now be shown in a short Vine compilation. *VIDEO*

Clearly, premium content originated from Vine. However, over time, Vine began to lose profitability and eventually died may it rest in peace. There are many factors to Vine’s unfortunate demise, including the fact that different apps and networks began to adopt the concept that Vine introduced of a short looping video. Vine started competing with larger and more established social medias like Facebook and Instagram, who allowed longer videos and utilised better advertising. People who had gotten popular off of creating Vines, these “viners” began to dominate the platform and people began to use vine not to create their own original content, but to experience the content that viners produce. Instead of creating, users of vine were consuming. Eventually, popular viners established a monopoly over the app but then began to branch out to other platforms. As this happened, the quality of the content on vine began to decrease and vine began losing popularity. Personally, back when I was in 6th grade, I used to go on Vine everyday after school and I would scroll for an hour or two before I would start my homework. Then, as the quality became worse and worse, Vine lost my interest, as I’m sure it did with many others. By the time the death of vine was announced i had been unactive on the app for over a year at least having deleted the app for longer still. The lifetime and death of vine perfectly describe the constant evolution of technology. New technologies are always being developed and old technologies are constantly dying. Many forms of technology which had dominated in popularity as recent as a decade ago are now obsolete. For example, how many of you have any point in your lives, previously wanted a Blackberry phone? Now how many of you still want a Blackberry phone today? For those of you who do, I have some regrettable news. The Blackberry has also died. Well, essentially anyways. I’m sure you could still obtain an obscure Blackberry phone from somewhere or another, but the quality would be nowhere as sophisticated as the more popular phone options on the market now. The speed in which technology changes is also notably fast. The iPhone was released in 2007, but the differences between the original iphone and the most recent iPhone are staggering. Every year, a new iPhone or Samsung is released with different features than the least, making phone made just a couple years ago seem so outdated. As technology is rapidly evolving, so is our demand for it. More Instagram posts, more Youtube videos, more tweets, more and more content. In fact, 2.5 quintillion bytes of data are created everyday. To put this into perspective, one byte of storage is the smallest unit of storage. One gigabyte is 1,073,741,824 bytes of storage. As the amount of substance created on the internet increases due to demand, people become more selective with what they want to spend their time on as well. Why would you watch a 2 hour long video when you can simply watch a 6 second vine? Growing up right alongside technology has also led to a difference in lifestyle and society between this current generation and the generation of people older. We grew up being taugh how to type on a keyboard and regularly use social media sites while older people had to learn how to type outside of school and some may not know wha social media sites even are. From the internet, the concept of something being viral was also created. When a video or post goes viral, this means that one person saw this post and shared it with their friends who then shared the pot or video with more people and soon many many people know about this video due to all the sharing which took place. Going viral is a phenomenon which completely new and can be placed within this generation. It’s pretty cool to say we witnessed the expansion of certain technologies and certain popular trends that are funny to us now but must seem insane to remember in the future. Overall, the driving force behind the constant improvement and transition to new technology is the want for bigger and better things. Humans are always looking for ways to improve the quality of life, and technology is the way in which people make improvements. Technology is the way we can move on from the past into the future. The old technologies abandoned should not be reminisced in sorrow but with happiness for isn’t it better now that we have more advanced technology? Perhaps it is time to move past Vine, ignoring Vine Camera, a far inferior follow up to Vine and embrace Vine’s true replacement: Musical.ly

Speeches: The Second

For my second practice speech, myself and a fellow classmate wrote a little skit out.

Untitled

Man the weather is so nice today

/jasmine litters

Yeah kinda hot tho

You’re right i wonder why /gestures to litter

What are you trying to get at colon

Jammin ur the reason for global warming

What?

You;re the reason for global warming

Giraffe neck shortening isn’t a thing

Well how would you say your body temp is rn

Is okay feeling kinda sweaty tho

You are the global warming

Giraffe neck shortening isn’t real

Then why are you hot

Genetics

Guess those genes skipped over you then

/jasmine gasps and b offended with hand over heart

Anyways why don’t you believe global warming is real. Animals like turtles and polar bears are affected every year.

Animals aren’t real. They’re just a concept. Kinda like global warming. I believe it’s all part of the imagination.

Did you just say animals aren’t real? What do you eat?

Im vegan.

Alright I’m pretty sure plants are affected too.

Yeah by me eating them all the time.

No by global warming. The climate shift will harm plants AND ANIMALS.

Colleen I’m not doing this right now. Giraffe neck shortening cannot be happening since it goes against evolution. In evolution, Darwin states that through natural selection, species of animals adapt to their environment and breed to

 

 

 

 

No jasmine, global warming is a real and serious issue within our society today. Global warming is a proven fact, with the planet’s average surface temperature having risen about 2.0 degrees Fahrenheit in the last century, which is particularly troubling since it is likely that the most recent trend in climate change is caused by us, humans. The excessive burning of fossil fuels and all of the pollution humans cause leads to detrimental effects which have already started to appear. Burning fossil fuels and other human activity releases more greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, and while the greenhouse effect is not harmful to the earth, excessive amounts of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere means the amount of storms, heat waves and floods will increase. If human don’t start becoming more aware of global warming and changing their methods of everyday living to try and limit climate change

Oh global warming? I thought you said giraffe neck shortening in the beginning. Yeah of course I believe in global warming.

Jasmine the polar ice caps are melting because of you, go stand in the corner for me

Why is it so hot here

Well its usually 90 degrees

fin.

Speeches: The First

For my first speech, I used a poem written by Savannah Brown.

this city is alive
this city is alive
and if you don’t believe it
inhale and hug her to your
chest
feel the reverberations of her
heartbeat in your stomach
she’s a pulsing beating quivering thing
and with every footstep
that echoes through her hollowed alleyways
cobblestoned hideaways
she learns

this city makes no promises
and there’s deceit in her mischievous eyes
but the pull of her paradise lips to your own is magnetic
she slams the strongest men
to their knees

she’s not a crescendo
she’s a bittersweet beauty
a heavy rumbling bass
a numbing buzz
every exhale like rolling thunder

this city is diseased
plagued with chronic loneliness and
the only cure is cigarettes and art

there’s a reason spidery veins so closely
resemble aerial night lights
and during the early hours of the morning
the brick almost seems to sigh
-Savannah Brown

Outline for Research Paper

Introduction
Opening remarks: More and more frequently, there has been controversy on how much time people spend on their phones. Some argue that technology is destroying the younger generation. However, technology includes all of the inventions made by humans since their early development, like shelters or running water.
Background
There are many different forms of technology and humans have been improving the quality of life since the very beginning of their existence. The past few decades, humans have entered the technological age of computers and smartphones and other screens. These new developments have revolutionized society.
Thesis: Despite its complications, technology has allowed society to improve and advance.
Subtopic #1: education and medicine
Paragraph on education
Claim/topic sentence- The fundamentals for influencing society is through education.
Overview (common knowledge)- The way students learn will have significant effects on their futures. Young children are blank slates. As they grow and develop, children learn tremendous amounts of information at a very quick pace. The new technologies established help aid to a child’s learning and also shape how children view technology itself.
Details (paraphrasing and/or direct quoting) with citations
Technology has changed the education experience for children and is being used across the country. In fact, “48 states and the District of Columbia currently support online learning opportunities” (U.S. Department of Education) and try to seamlessly integrate technology to be an extension of the curriculum. When schools use technology to enhance students’ education, they are creating a blended learning experience.
The blended learning experience causes more students to be motivated to learn, accelerates learning, and gives the children an advantage of being exposed early on to the technology that will become an everyday constant in their lives. In instances where the education a child is receiving is lacking in some way, technology can be used to supplement. For example, schools who are in distant and remote location or ones who cannot afford to have elaborate science labs and equipment can use computers and smart devices. Technology can “improve educational productivity by accelerating the rate of learning, taking advantage of learning time outside of school hours, reducing the cost of instructional materials, and better utilizing teacher time” (U.S. Department of Education) being overall more efficient and more effective
Technology has also allowed for more students to be able to learn and given opportunities to children who have not been able to communicate or learn like other students have. Tools such as “dynamic Braille displays, voice recognition systems, talking books, speech synthesizers” (Purdue University) help the disabled further their education
If children are learning more productively now, they are better equipped to be more productive as they age and become adults. The children going through the school systems today, due to technology have the potential to be the best generation yet.
Paragraph on medicine and science
claim/transitional sentence: A better education paired with the new medical breakthroughs occurring due to new technology in medicine, society is becoming more and more impressive
Overview (common knowledge)-In the past, doctors have struggled to create solutions to innumerable diseases. Now with the help of technology, doctors are the path to creating cures to ailments previously thought untreatable, and have already created many advanced drugs in the process of doing so. Scientists as well have made groundbreaking discoveries due to technology
Details (paraphrasing and/or direct quoting) with citations
biology and physics as well as other sciences are becoming more dependent on computers. Scientists use computers for analysis and also for simulations and these technologies have made it much easier to make discoveries. In fact, there are many different types of computational of science now that are used for heavy calculations among other uses.
“as research on so many fronts is becoming increasingly dependent on computation, all science, it seems, is becoming computer science.” (Johnson)
Technology has allowed for a more personalized and much more efficient experience in the doctor’s office or hospital. There are individual medical records for each patient that can be accessed and tracked quickly, and also large databases filled with information regarding diseases that can be referenced. These practices show how technology “reduces the amount of paperwork, increases the rate of successful treatments and allows practitioners to look at the entire population when treating an epidemic” (Hendricks)
With genome sequencing, done with technology, doctors can find cures for diseases with much more ease
“‘About 8 to 10 years ago we were working with the knowledge of just one or two genes. Now we have a wealth of information on the ingredients of patients at the genetic level’” (Gwynne, Heebner)
With technology having a profound effect on medicine and sciences, new discoveries could to made to help humans achieve more.
Subtopic #2: industry
Paragraph on jobs
Claim/topic sentence- As children grow up and determine their future careers, they will find that a plethora of new jobs involving technology thewill be available for them. In contrast, formerly traditional jobs will not be an option, as technology has taken those jobs away.
Overview (common knowledge)- In futuristic movies and shows, robots and technology have often taken over the world. Whether it be flying shoes or an automated toaster that butters toast, there is an element of fantasy with these depictions, but they soon could be the reality. Technology is largely influencing jobs.
Details (paraphrasing and/or direct quoting) with citations
Technology creates new careers
“65 percent of children entering primary school today will end up working in jobs that don’t even exist yet” (Bremmer)
More jobs require coding knowledge as well and coding jobs get paid more.
“as many as 7 million job openings in 2015 in occupations that required coding skills.” (Dishman)
Analysis: Technology is providing more jobs and people with technological skills, skills that could have been learned in the classroom, are more equipped to obtain jobs
Paragraph on service
claim/transitional sentence: Outside of work, the services that companies provide people have also adapted with the ages.
Overview (common knowledge)- Taxis and hotels have been around for decades, but might have to work to keep up with the times.
Details (paraphrasing and/or direct quoting) with citations
Airbnb and Uber are revolutionizing the services industries at more ease to the consumer
Square is a delight for business owners
in the past, advertising has been with billboards and posters until television and video developed.
claim/transitional sentence: Companies have been changing not only through changing the way service is offered but by changing the way they advertise
Technology makes business much easier
Subtopic #3: communication and leisure
Paragraph on communication
Claim/topic sentence- technology has revolutionized communication.
Overview (common knowledge)- a large percentage of the population has smartphones and use social media and messaging everyday.
Details (paraphrasing and/or direct quoting) with citations
Connects people over long distances
More immediate communication
Super helpful
Paragraph on encourages people to engage with each other
claim/transitional sentence:
Details (paraphrasing and/or direct quoting) with citations
Humanitarian acts enabled by technology
Discuss donation mentality- gofundme and other websites where people are able to quickly perform an act of kindness
Large scale wellness projects and other things- (even flash mobs maybe?) are able to happen since people are able to communicate through long distances because of technology
Technology has helped people advance more quickly
Counterclaim
Transitional sentence into counterclaim- some may argue that instead of helping technology advance, society is going backwards
Overview (common knowledge)- there are so many arguments these days that the younger children is only on their phones
Details (paraphrasing and/or direct quoting) with citations
Electronic communication is overtaking verbal communication
Technology is dehumanizing the society
Technology is harmful and can be potentially destructive. There should be limits to the outreach and extent of technology.
Rebuttal/Conclusion
Rebuttal- technology can be used negatively, but it’s depends on the usage
Reaffirm your point- technology has changed the way society functions
Technology is a tool that can be used
Potential of technology is undeniable for progress
Final Remarks (leave the reader with an understanding of the importance or relevance of this topic) so what? Now what?
With understanding of technology, there is understanding of progress. How humans have progressed and how humans could progress in the future.

Annotated Bibliography

Bremmer, Ian. “Davos 2016: How Technology Is Shaping Our World.” Time, Time, 20 Jan. 2016, time.com/4187146/davos-2016-technology-facts/?iid=sr-link6. Accessed 14 Mar. 2017. This article written by Ian Bremmer discusses how technology has affected the world. In this article, Bremmer mentions how technology is taking over low-skill jobs and has allowed for extreme medical advancement. In contrast, technology has also evolved modern warfare to be even more harmful and has not improved education. Overall, technology has potential to be very positively impactful and could even help global warming. This article is an reliable source since it comes from Time Magazine, an esteemed new company, and the article is written recently by an author and political scientist. This source could be very helpful to use to show how technology can be used harmfully and how it could potentially have negative effects.
Dishman, Lydia. “Why Coding Is Still The Most Important Job Skill Of The Future | Fast Company | The Future Of Business.” Fast Company, Fast Company & Inc, 14 June 2016, http://www.fastcompany.com/3060883/why-coding-is-the-job-skill-of-the-future-for-everyone. Accessed 14 Mar. 2017. Lydia Dishman, in this article, argues that coding is becoming very important in all kinds of jobs while coding careers are declining in popularity. Jobs in coding declined in 2016 but more jobs all around require coding skills. This article was written in the past year and includes relevant statistics by a popular and successful news company and magazine. Lydia Dishman, the author, is a business journalist who regularly writes for very well respected news companies and is also a co-author of a novel. This article proves that coding is a very important and rewarding skill to have that will very much be part of the future.
Eastman, Hayley, et al. “Communication changes with technology, social media.” The Daily Universe, The Daily Universe – Brigham Young University, 2 Dec. 2014, universe.byu.edu/2013/07/07/1communication-changes-with-technology-social-media/. Accessed 14 Mar. 2017. This article gives data on how quickly technology has revolutionized communication. The amount of people using email, text and social media are increasing nearly exponentially. Social media and text messages are used very frequently every day, and may be taking time away from people communicating face to face. This source is a university newspaper, but an accredited one. The author, Hayley Eastman is a student majoring in journalism and is a lifestyle reporter for The Daily Universe. This source could be an excellent reference to show how much technology has changed communication.
Johnson, George. “The World: In Silica Fertilization; All Science Is Computer Science.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 24 Mar. 2001, http://www.nytimes.com/2001/03/25/weekinreview/the-world-in-silica-fertilization-all-science-is-computer-science.html. Accessed 14 Mar. 2017. This article is from The New York Times, so it is very reliable. This source is dated however, written in 2001 but by a awarded author and journalist, George Johnson. The article details how biology and physics as well as other sciences are becoming more dependent on computers. Scientists use computers for analysis and also for simulations and these technologies have made it much easier to make discoveries. In fact, there are many different types of computational of science now that are used for heavy calculations among other uses. This source was very informational and helpful to show how widespread technology is. This also proves that no matter what career, technology and computers will play a large part in it.
University, Purdue. “Growing Up with Technology.” Purdue University Online, 11 Sept. 2014, online.purdue.edu/ldt/learning-design-technology/resources/growing-up-with-technology. Accessed 14 Mar. 2017. An article by the university of Purdue, this piece of writing centers around how technology has changed the education experience for young children. Since the latest generation of children have been born into a world where technology is abundant and omnipresent, they have quickly adapted and are benefitting from these technologies in their learning. Technology allows students to have a more personalized experience and motivate more children to learn. Purdue University is a respected university which was founded in 1869 and has a long-standing reputation. This article shows how technology is changing the way children are learning in school, from the former chalk boards to new screens and are reaping the benefits.

The Benefits of Technology

The Benefits of Technology
The door closes with a click after a little girl and her mom amble into their house after the little girl had clambered off the bus from school. Immediately, the little girl races up the stairs in anticipation before bouncing onto the couch and reaching for the television remote. Mindlessly, her mother follows the girl up the stairs and goes into the kitchen to load the dishes into the dishwasher while talking on the phone. Knowingly or not, both the little girl and her mother used various forms of technology throughout their day. Forms of technology are everywhere, tools used to improve the quality of life for people through inventions, like running water and refrigerators. Over the past few decades, humans have entered the technological age of computers and smartphones. These new developments have revolutionized everyday living. As with everything, technology has its setbacks as well as its benefits. Despite its complications, the impacts of technologies are overwhelmingly positive for society socially and economically.
The fundamentals for influencing society is through education and medicine. Specifically in education, as children grow and develop, the information and method in which they learn will have significant effects on their futures. The new technologies established help aid to a child’s learning and also shape how children view technology itself. Technology has changed the education experience for children and is being used across the country. In fact, “48 states and the District of Columbia currently support online learning opportunities” (U.S. Department of Education) and try to seamlessly integrate technology to be an extension of the curriculum. When schools use technology to enhance students’ education, they are creating a blended learning experience. The blended learning experience can cause more students to be motivated to learn, accelerates learning, and gives the children an advantage of being exposed early on to the technology that will become an everyday constant in their lives.
In instances where the education a child is receiving is lacking in some way, technology can be used as a supplement. For example, schools who are in distant and remote location or ones who cannot afford to have elaborate science labs and equipment can use computers and smart devices. Technology can “improve educational productivity by accelerating the rate of learning, taking advantage of learning time outside of school hours, reducing the cost of instructional materials, and better utilizing teacher time” (U.S. Department of Education) being overall more efficient and more effective. Technology has also allowed for more students to be able to learn and give opportunities to children who have not been able to communicate or learn like other students have. Tools such as “dynamic Braille displays, voice recognition systems, talking books, speech synthesizers” (Purdue University) help the disabled further their education. If children are learning more productively now, they are better equipped to be more productive as they age and become adults. Teachers are able to provide education to a more widespread demographic due to technology, changing the workings of society from the basic education of the younger generation. The children going through the school systems today have the potential to be the best generation yet.
Society is constantly improving due to better education and also new medical breakthroughs which are able to occur from new technology. In the past, doctors have struggled to create solutions to innumerable diseases. Now with the help of technology, doctors are the path to creating cures to ailments previously thought untreatable, and have already created many advanced drugs in the process of doing so. An invaluable resource for doctors who are trying to find remedies for diseases is the human genome. The Human Genome Project, a program designed to sequence all of the genetic material of a human, started in the 1990 and was declared complete in 2003. Since then, genome sequencing technology has been vital in categorizing diseases and the creation of medication for those diseases. With certain ailments, doctor can locate exactly where in the DNA there were mutations or problems and then find resolutions for those problems at a much faster pace with the genome database. The Human Genome Project was a trailblazing showcase of the advances in technology in medicine. Technology has also allowed for a more personalized and much more efficient experience in the doctor’s office or hospital. There are individual medical records for each patient that can be accessed and tracked quickly, and also large databases filled with information regarding diseases that can be referenced. All of these new practices allow doctors to address the overall larger scope of treatment in regard to a particular disease (Hendricks). The amount of time information takes to travel has been reduced to mere milliseconds, which is critical in times of emergency. Technology has altogether benefitted the medical field invaluably and continues to aid doctors in helping their patients.
Scientists as well, have made groundbreaking discoveries with the aid of computer science. Science has always been interwoven with math and calculations, which now have been made much easier due to technology. Scientists rely on computers for analysis, and are “becoming increasingly dependent on computation” (Johnson) for their experiments and for new discoveries. The breakthroughs made by science from technology can then be used to improve technology as well. Technology and science “serve to inform and extend each other in both intended and unexpected ways” (Compton) by feeding of each other. Science is the key to understanding the way in which the world operates, and without technology, science would not have made significant discoveries . The future is in technology and what technology can help achieve, in medicine and science among other areas.
The advances in technology because of science have changed industry itself and the job market as well. For people going into the workforce or already a member of the workforce today, developing technological skills will prove to be advantageous for any profession. Almost every job in this modern era involves contact with devices that stem from technology like smart phones and computers. Computers make tasks easier to complete, which is why coding is becoming such a necessary skill to learn. Companies have even started to require coding knowledge in various types of jobs, with “as many as 7 million job openings in 2015 in occupations that required coding skills” (Dishman). Looking forward to the future, not only will current jobs have different requirements and qualifications, but entire new professions could be available. The workforce is adapting to the modern times created by technology, so “65 percent of children entering primary school today will end up working in jobs that don’t even exist yet” (Bremmer) but that will be established as technology progresses. Technology really changed the perspectives of the working people. Communication is much faster and the expectations held for a job also changed. When employees went home from the workday in the past, there was a physical and mental unconnect from their job and the responsibilities their profession entailed. Presently, even when people are home, they easily accessible by bosses and coworkers and in close contact to their responsibilities.
Outside of work, the businesses employees work for and buy from have also adapted with the ages. As more of the public use technology in their everyday lives, companies have successfully started to take advantage of the internet as an advertising platform. A study completed by an independent research firm determined a “significantly higher impact from improved use of technology compared to outsourcing, shared services, and business process reengineering levers” (Genpact Research Institute) for enterprises. The internet and all of the new electronics allow for companies to create websites and provide information online increasing their outreach to potential customers. A method companies use to interact with consumers online is advertisement. Online promotion by companies and businesses is the most impactful way to advertise since technology is so prevalent. As a result, in 2013, “online advertising made up about a quarter of the $500 billion global advertising business” (The Economist) and still continues to grow. Not only have the way current enterprises operate been influenced, but the way service is offered has also changed to benefit from the internet. Entrepreneurs are establishing startups that are exclusively online or only offered on mobile devices which are extremely successful. Taxi companies are competing against companies like Uber and Lyft, apps which allow anyone with a car to become a driver and earn money, and Airbnb threaten to take revenue away from hotels and inns. By doing so, these companies connect people with commodities with other people who will benefit from the use of those commodities, and “through technology, a market for things that have never had a market has been created” resulting in millions of dollars in profit (Evans). Industry altogether has benefitted from technology use as technology has allowed companies to change their presentation to the public and their proceedings along with providing entrepreneurs a new platform to launch new businesses.
This relatively new platform, the internet, has also transformed communication and leisure in half of a decade (Wagstaff). Technology expands exponentially, and naturally, the amount of consumers buying new technologies follow in suit. A recent study conducted by the Pew Research Center found in 2015, “64% of American adults now own a smartphone of some kind” and with those smartphones, are now able to text and email and participate in social media. All these forms of messaging increase the ease of communication, and sustain unconventional relationships. Apps such as Twitter or Instagram can initiate friendships or relationships and other apps like Skype will help maintain those relationships. Social media connects users with similar interests and open up a public space where everyone’s thoughts and ideas can be heard (Castells). By doing so, “39% of the survey respondents reported feeling closer to their friends because of social media” in research collected by NR Media Group (Reider). Technology has fostered a society with more positive and intimate relationships.
Likewise, technology also helps citizens improve their relationship with their government and their community by providing access to vast amounts of information so people can become informed. Before the internet, there were very few places to obtain information and no option as fast as the internet is today. Today, news about politics and popular culture is spread over various different social media platforms and also can be found with a simple search. All of these new channels to relay information has led to 75% of Americans “feel better informed about national news” and 74% also believe they are more educated about international news (Purcell, Rainie). The sheer amount of information and data stored on the internet is tremendous, and the amount contributed each day is just as immense. Everyday, millions of internet users will rely on Google or other search engines with questions, and Wikipedia is a often a place to find the answers. Now, Wikipedia is trying to encourage multilingual editors to write articles about topics that do not already have articles in different languages. In the process, Wikipedia is “‘democratizing access to knowledge’” (Abate) since more of the world’s population can attain Wikipedia articles in their language and become more informed. An increasingly educated public can lead to more participation in society, more discoveries and overall more productivity and contributions to society.
Technology may have many benefits, but it can also be incredibly damaging and detrimental. Since technology is relatively new, the long terms effects of technology are being studied currently, and the not all of the results are positive. New developments in research show prolonged technology use could be potentially harmful. The damage of technology is particularly evident in the development of younger children. As kids rely on iPads and other electronic devices for entertainment rather than playing actively, children are developing serious medical issues and not meeting important developmental milestones. Exposure to technology is not safe due to “children’s developing sensory, motor, and attachment systems have biologically not evolved” (Rowan) to adjust to electronics. If the children of the future generations are not maturing normally but rather with health complications, then the future society will not have progressed, but digressed instead. As children grow up, technology can also diminish social skills. When participating in social media and instant messaging, people communicate behind screens instead of in person, which can easily evolve into a dependence on a screen for communication rather than a choice. Conveying the true meaning behind a person’s words becomes more difficult when “93% [of communication] is based on nonverbal body language” , a factor not included in social media (Tardanico). With all of the new opportunities for communication, technology users could be the most disconnected demographic yet. With all of the recent advancements in research, technology may not benefit society in the distant future.
All of the setbacks to technology are problems capable of being resolved. Technology itself has immense potential to help the world become even more advanced than it is today, though the way people use technology is the cause for the concern. Anything in excess is disadvantageous, and electronics are no exception. However, with proper regulations and monitoring, technology is a tool that can be used to accomplish great tasks. Understanding technology is understanding human progress. The human race could not have achieved anything without the creation of new technologies to aid them. Humans discover new findings which are then used to improve the quality of life people live, and with the benefits from former technology, humans will go on to make new discoveries. Technology is the pathway to the future. With the potential for achieving the impossible, technology will continue to amaze and achieve great things,

 
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